"United States" ke revisions ke biich ke antar

86,496 bytes added ,  7 years ago
m
193.184.119.2 (Talk) ke badlao ke Rotlink ke aakhri badlao ke jaise kar dewa gais hai.
(Contwnt ke "vittu vittu joo asd" se replace kar dewa gais hae)
m (193.184.119.2 (Talk) ke badlao ke Rotlink ke aakhri badlao ke jaise kar dewa gais hai.)
'''United States of America''' [[North America]] ke ek [[des]] hae.
vittu vittu joo asd
{{Infobox Country|
fullcountryname=United States of America (en)</br>Estados Unidos de América (es) |
common_name=the United States |
image_flag=Flag of the United States.svg |
image_coa=US-GreatSeal-Obverse.svg|
symbol_type=Great Seal |
image_location=LocationUSA.png |
nationalmotto= ''(1776 - 1956): ''E Pluribus Unum''<br />([[Latin]]: "Baride, onge")<br />
''(1956 - ): In God We Trust'' |
nationalsong= The Star-Spangled Banner |
officiallanguages=None at federal level,<br />onechur state specify mupwere,<br />[[English bhasa|English]] ''de facto'' |
abaaditotal= 305,762,359 (Est. Jan 2009) |
abaadirank= 3rd |
abaadidensity= 78 per mi² / 30 |
countrycapital=[[Washington, D.C.]] |
countrylargestcity=[[New York City|New York]], [[New York]] |
areatotal= 3,718,711 mi² / 9,631,418 km² |
arearank=3rd/4th |
areawater= 181,273 mi² / 469,495 |
areawaterpercent= 4.875 |
establishedin=Independence: Revolutionary War<br />&nbsp;- Declared: [[4 July]], [[1776]]<br />&nbsp;- Recognized: [[3 September]], [[1783]] |
leadertitlename = President [[Barack Obama]]<br />Vice President Joe Biden |
currency = US dollar ($) (USD) |
utcoffset = -5 to -11 |
dialingcode= 1|
internettld=.US .UM .EDU .GOV .MIL
}}
 
The United States of America ke dher naam se jaana jaawe hae, jaise ki:
 
* "America"
* "The United States"
* "USA" or "The USA"
* "US" or "The US"
* "The United States of America"
* "The States"
* "The US of A"
* "The Union"
* "Uncle Sam"
* "Estados Unidos de América"
 
USA ke federal sarkar ke tiin bhaag hae: ''executive branch'', ''legislative branch'', aur ''judicial branch''.
 
USA ek federal constitutional republic hae jisme fifty states aur ek federal district hae. Ii des central [[North America]] me hae, jahaan pe iske forty-eight pahila states aur Washington, D.C., capital district, Pacific aur Atlantic Oceans ke biich me hae. Iske north me [[Canada]] aur south me [[Mexico]] hae. Alaska state continent ke northwest me hae aur iske east me Canada aur west me Russia hae. Hawaii state ek [[Pacific Ocean]] ke biich me ek archipelago hae. Usa ke aur territory Caribbean aur Pacific me hae.
 
Iske area 3.79 million square miles (9.83 million km²) hae aur abaadi 306 million lig hae, iske kaaran United States, area me dunia ke fourth sab se barraa des hae a land abaadi me tiisra sab se barraa des hae.
 
== States ke suchi ==
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="width:100%;"
|+<big>The 50 United States of America</big>
!Name
!class="unsortable" | IPA
!USPS
!class="unsortable" | Flag
!Population ({{as of|2009|alt=2009}}<ref>[http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=01000US&-_box_head_nbr=GCT-T1&-ds_name=PEP_2009_EST&-_lang=en&-format=US-40&-_sse=on GCT-T1. Population Estimates : 2009 Population Estimates], U.S. Census Bureau.</ref>)
!Capital
!Most populous city
|-
|[[Alabama]]
|{{IPA|/ˌæləˈbæmə/}}
|align=center|AL
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Alabama.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|4,708,708
|[[Montgomery, Alabama|Montgomery]]
|[[Birmingham, Alabama|Birmingham]]
|-
|[[Alaska]]
|{{IPA|/əˈlæskə/}}
|align=center|AK
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Alaska.svg|border|41px]]
|align=right|698,473
|[[Juneau, Alaska|Juneau]]
|[[Anchorage, Alaska|Anchorage]]
|-
|[[Arizona]]
|{{IPA|/ˌær<s>ɪ</s>ˈzoʊnə/}}
|align=center|AZ
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Arizona.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|6,595,778
|[[Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix]]
|[[Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix]]
|-
|[[Arkansas]]
|{{IPA|/ˈɑrkənsɔː/}}
|align=center|AR
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Arkansas.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|2,889,450
|[[Little Rock, Arkansas|Little Rock]]
|[[Little Rock, Arkansas|Little Rock]]
|-
|[[California]]
|{{IPA|/ˌkæl<s>ɪ</s>ˈfɔrnjə/}}
|align=center|CA
|align=center|[[file:Flag of California.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|36,961,664
|[[Sacramento, California|Sacramento]]
|[[Los Angeles]]
|-
|[[Colorado]]
|{{IPA|/ˌkɒləˈrædoʊ/}}
|align=center|CO
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Colorado.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|5,024,748
|[[Denver]]
|[[Denver]]
|-
|[[Connecticut]]
|{{IPA|/kəˈnɛt<s>ɪ</s>kət/}}
|align=center|CT
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Connecticut.svg|border|46px]]
|align=right|3,518,288
|[[Hartford, Connecticut|Hartford]]
|[[Bridgeport, Connecticut|Bridgeport]]<ref name=Hartford>The [[Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical Area]] is the most populous metropolitan area in [[Connecticut]].</ref>
|-
|[[Delaware]]
|{{IPA|/ˈdɛləwɛər/}}
|align=center|DE
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Delaware.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|885,122
|[[Dover, Delaware|Dover]]
|[[Wilmington, Delaware|Wilmington]]
|-
|[[Florida]]
|{{IPA|/ˈflɒr<s>ɪ</s>də/}}
|align=center|FL
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Florida.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|18,537,969
|[[Tallahassee, Florida|Tallahassee]]
|[[Jacksonville, Florida|Jacksonville]]<ref name=Miami>The [[South Florida metropolitan area|Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area]] is the most populous metropolitan area in [[Florida]].</ref>
|-
|[[Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia]]
|{{IPA|/ˈdʒɔrdʒə/}}
|align=center|GA
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg|border|44px]]
|align=right|9,829,211
|[[Atlanta]]
|[[Atlanta]]
|-
|[[Hawaii]]
|{{IPA|/həˈwaɪ.iː/}}
|align=center|HI
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Hawaii.svg|border|49px]]
|align=right|1,295,178
|[[Honolulu]]
|[[Honolulu]]
|-
|[[Idaho]]
|{{IPA|/ˈaɪdəhoʊ/}}
|align=center|ID
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Idaho.svg|border|39px]]
|align=right|1,545,801
|[[Boise, Idaho|Boise]]
|[[Boise, Idaho|Boise]]
|-
|[[Illinois]]
|{{IPA|/ɪl<s>ɪ</s>ˈnɔɪ/}}
|align=center|IL
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Illinois.svg|border|45px]]
|align=right|12,910,409
|[[Springfield, Illinois|Springfield]]
|[[Chicago]]
|-
|[[Indiana]]
|{{IPA|/ˌɪndiˈænə/}}
|align=center|IN
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Indiana.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|6,423,113
|[[Indianapolis]]
|[[Indianapolis]]
|-
|[[Iowa]]
|{{IPA|/ˈaɪ.ɵwə/}}
|align=center|IA
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Iowa.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|3,007,856
|[[Des Moines, Iowa|Des Moines]]
|[[Des Moines, Iowa|Des Moines]]
|-
|[[Kansas]]
|{{IPA|/ˈkænzəs/}}
|align=center|KS
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Kansas.svg|border|45px]]
|align=right|2,818,747
|[[Topeka, Kansas|Topeka]]
|[[Wichita, Kansas|Wichita]]
|-
|[[Kentucky]]<ref name=commonwealth>Official name calls it a commonwealth</ref>
|{{IPA|/k<s>ɪ</s>nˈtʌki/}}
|align=center|KY
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Kentucky.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|4,314,113
|[[Frankfort, Kentucky|Frankfort]]
|[[Louisville, Kentucky|Louisville]]
|-
|[[Louisiana]]
|{{IPA|/luːˌiːziˈænə/}}
|align=center|LA
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Louisiana.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|4,492,076
|[[Baton Rouge, Louisiana|Baton Rouge]]
|[[New Orleans]]
|-
|[[Maine]]
|{{IPA|/ˈmeɪn/}}
|align=center|ME
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Maine.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|1,318,301
|[[Augusta, Maine|Augusta]]
|[[Portland, Maine|Portland]]
|-
|[[Maryland]]
|{{IPA|/ˈmɛrələnd/}}
|align=center|MD
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Maryland.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|5,699,478
|[[Annapolis, Maryland|Annapolis]]
|[[Baltimore]]<ref name=Maryland>[[Baltimore|Baltimore City]] and the 12 [[Maryland]] [[county (United States)|counties]] of the [[Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area|Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area]] form the most populous metropolitan region in Maryland.</ref>
|-
|[[Massachusetts]]<ref name=commonwealth/>
|{{IPA|/ˌmæsəˈtʃuːs<s>ɪ</s>ts/}}
|align=center|MA
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Massachusetts.svg|border|45px]]
|align=right|6,593,587
|[[Boston]]
|[[Boston]]
|-
|[[Michigan]]
|{{IPA|/ˈmɪʃ<s>ɪ</s>ɡən/}}
|align=center|MI
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Michigan.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|9,969,727
|[[Lansing, Michigan|Lansing]]
|[[Detroit]]
|-
|[[Minnesota]]
|{{IPA|/ˌmɪn<s>ɪ</s>ˈsoʊtə/}}
|align=center|MN
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Minnesota.svg|border|43px]]
|align=right|5,266,214
|[[Saint Paul, Minnesota|Saint Paul]]
|[[Minneapolis]]
|-
|[[Mississippi]]
|{{IPA|/ˌmɪs<s>ɪ</s>ˈsɪpi/}}
|align=center|MS
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Mississippi.svg|border|45px]]
|align=right|2,951,996
|[[Jackson, Mississippi|Jackson]]
|[[Jackson, Mississippi|Jackson]]
|-
|[[Missouri]]
|{{IPA|/m<s>ɪ</s>ˈzʊəri, m<s>ɪ</s>ˈzʊərə/}}
|align=center|MO
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Missouri.svg|border|45px]]
|align=right|5,987,580
|[[Jefferson City, Missouri|Jefferson City]]
|[[Kansas City, Missouri|Kansas City]]<ref name=Saint_Louis>The [[St. Louis, Missouri|City of Saint Louis]] and the 8 [[Missouri]] [[county (United States)|counties]] of the [[Greater St. Louis|St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical Area]] form the most populous metropolitan region in Missouri.</ref>
|-
|[[Montana]]
|{{IPA|/mɒnˈtænə/}}
|align=center|MT
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Montana.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|974,989
|[[Helena, Montana|Helena]]
|[[Billings, Montana|Billings]]
|-
|[[Nebraska]]
|{{IPA|/nəˈbræskə/}}
|align=center|NE
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Nebraska.svg|border|45px]]
|align=right|1,796,619
|[[Lincoln, Nebraska|Lincoln]]
|[[Omaha, Nebraska|Omaha]]
|-
|[[Nevada]]
|{{IPA|/nəˈvædə/}}
|align=center|NV
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Nevada.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|2,643,085
|[[Carson City, Nevada|Carson City]]
|[[Las Vegas, Nevada|Las Vegas]]
|-
|[[New Hampshire]]
|{{IPA|/nuː ˈhæmpʃər/}}
|align=center|NH
|align=center|[[file:Flag of New Hampshire.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|1,324,575
|[[Concord, New Hampshire|Concord]]
|[[Manchester, New Hampshire|Manchester]]<ref name=Rockingham>The 5 southeastern [[New Hampshire]] [[county (United States)|counties]] of the [[Greater Boston|Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical Area]] form the most populous metropolitan region in New Hampshire.</ref>
|-
|[[New Jersey]]
|{{IPA|/nuː ˈdʒɜrzi/}}
|align=center|NJ
|align=center|[[file:Flag of New Jersey.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|8,707,739
|[[Trenton, New Jersey|Trenton]]
|[[Newark, New Jersey|Newark]]<ref name=New_Jersey>The 13 northern [[New Jersey]] [[county (United States)|counties]] of the [[New York metropolitan area|New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area]] form the most populous metropolitan region in New Jersey.</ref>
|-
|[[New Mexico]]
|{{IPA|/nuː ˈmɛks<s>ɪ</s>koʊ/}}
|align=center|NM
|align=center|[[file:Flag of New Mexico.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|2,009,671
|[[Santa Fe, New Mexico|Santa Fe]]
|[[Albuquerque, New Mexico|Albuquerque]]
|-
|[[New York]]
|{{IPA|/nuː ˈjɔrk/}}
|align=center|NY
|align=center|[[file:Flag of New York.svg|border|49px]]
|align=right|19,541,453
|[[Albany, New York|Albany]]
|[[New York City]]<ref>[[New York City]] is the [[List of United States cities by population|most populous city]] in the United States.</ref>
|-
|[[North Carolina]]
|{{IPA|/ˌnɔrθ kærəˈlaɪnə/}}
|align=center|NC
|align=center|[[file:Flag of North Carolina.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|9,380,884
|[[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]]
|[[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]]
|-
|[[North Dakota]]
|{{IPA|/ˌnɔrθ dəˈkoʊtə/}}
|align=center|ND
|align=center|[[file:Flag of North Dakota.svg|border|39px]]
|align=right|646,844
|[[Bismarck, North Dakota|Bismarck]]
|[[Fargo, North Dakota|Fargo]]
|-
|[[Ohio]]
|{{IPA|/ɵˈhaɪ.oʊ/}}
|align=center|OH
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Ohio.svg|44px]]
|align=right|11,542,645
|[[Columbus, Ohio|Columbus]]
|[[Columbus, Ohio|Columbus]]<ref name=Cleveland>The [[Greater Cleveland|Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area]] is the most populous metropolitan area in [[Ohio]].</ref>
|-
|[[Oklahoma]]
|{{IPA|/ˌoʊkləˈhoʊmə/}}
|align=center|OK
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Oklahoma.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|3,687,050
|[[Oklahoma City]]
|[[Oklahoma City]]
|-
|[[Oregon]]
|{{IPA|/ˈɒr<s>ɪ</s>ɡən/}}
|align=center|OR
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Oregon.svg|border|45px]]
|align=right|3,825,657
|[[Salem, Oregon|Salem]]
|[[Portland, Oregon|Portland]]
|-
|[[Pennsylvania]]<ref name=commonwealth/>
|{{IPA|/ˌpɛns<s>ɪ</s>lˈveɪnjə/}}
|align=center|PA
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Pennsylvania.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|12,604,767
|[[Harrisburg, Pennsylvania|Harrisburg]]
|[[Philadelphia]]
|-
|[[Rhode Island]]<ref>Full name is State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations</ref>
|{{IPA|/rɵd ˈaɪlənd/}}
|align=center|RI
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Rhode Island.svg|border|35px]]
|align=right|1,053,209
|[[Providence, Rhode Island|Providence]]
|[[Providence, Rhode Island|Providence]]
|-
|[[South Carolina]]
|{{IPA|/ˌsaʊθ kærəˈlaɪnə/}}
|align=center|SC
|align=center|[[file:Flag of South Carolina.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|4,561,242
|[[Columbia, South Carolina|Columbia]]
|[[Columbia, South Carolina|Columbia]]<ref name=Greenville>The [[Upstate South Carolina|Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area]] is the most populous metropolitan area in [[South Carolina]].</ref>
|-
|[[South Dakota]]
|{{IPA|/ˌsaʊθ dəˈkoʊtə/}}
|align=center|SD
|align=center|[[file:Flag of South Dakota.svg|border|44px]]
|align=right|812,383
|[[Pierre, South Dakota|Pierre]]
|[[Sioux Falls, South Dakota|Sioux Falls]]
|-
|[[Tennessee]]
|{{IPA|/ˌtɛn<s>ɪ</s>ˈsiː/}}
|align=center|TN
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Tennessee.svg|border|45px]]
|align=right|6,296,254
|[[Nashville, Tennessee|Nashville]]
|[[Memphis, Tennessee|Memphis]]<ref name=Nashville>The [[Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area|Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical Area]] is the most populous metropolitan area in [[Tennessee]].</ref>
|-
|[[Texas]]
|{{IPA|/ˈtɛksəs/}}
|align=center|TX
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Texas.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|24,782,302
|[[Austin, Texas|Austin]]
|[[Houston]]<ref name=Dallas>The [[Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex|Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area]] is the most populous metropolitan area in [[Texas]].</ref>
|-
|[[Utah]]
|{{IPA|/ˈjuːtɔː/}}
|align=center|UT
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Utah.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|2,784,572
|[[Salt Lake City]]
|[[Salt Lake City]]
|-
|[[Vermont]]
|{{IPA|/vərˈmɒnt/}}
|align=center|VT
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Vermont.svg|border|45px]]
|align=right|621,760
|[[Montpelier, Vermont|Montpelier]]
|[[Burlington, Vermont|Burlington]]
|-
|[[Virginia]]<ref name=commonwealth/>
|{{IPA|/vərˈdʒɪnjə/}}
|align=center|VA
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Virginia.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|7,882,590
|[[Richmond, Virginia|Richmond]]
|[[Virginia Beach, Virginia|Virginia Beach]]<ref name=Virginia>The 10 [[Virginia]] [[county (United States)|counties]] and 6 [[independent cities#Virginia|Virginia cities]] of the [[Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area|Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area]] form the most populous metropolitan region in Virginia.</ref>
|-
|[[Washington (U.S. State)|Washington]]
|{{IPA|/ˈwɒʃɪŋtən/}}
|align=center|WA
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Washington.svg|border|45px]]
|align=right|6,664,195
|[[Olympia, Washington|Olympia]]
|[[Seattle]]
|-
|[[West Virginia]]
|{{IPA|/ˌwɛst vərˈdʒɪnjə/}}
|align=center|WV
|align=center|[[file:Flag of West Virginia.svg|border|48px]]
|align=right|1,819,777
|[[Charleston, West Virginia|Charleston]]
|[[Charleston, West Virginia|Charleston]]
|-
|[[Wisconsin]]
|{{IPA|/wɪsˈkɒns<s>ɪ</s>n/}}
|align=center|WI
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Wisconsin.svg|border|42px]]
|align=right|5,654,774
|[[Madison, Wisconsin|Madison]]
|[[Milwaukee]]
|-
|[[Wyoming]]
|{{IPA|/waɪˈoʊmɪŋ/}}
|align=center|WY
|align=center|[[file:Flag of Wyoming.svg|border|41px]]
|align=right|544,270
|[[Cheyenne, Wyoming|Cheyenne]]
|[[Cheyenne, Wyoming|Cheyenne]]
|}
 
== US President ke suchi ==
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
! Presidency<br /><ref group="n" name="num">A presidency is defined as consecutive time in office served by a single person. For example, [[George Washington]] served two consecutive terms and is counted as the first president (not the first and second). [[Gerald Ford]] assumed the presidency after the resignation of [[Richard Nixon]], serving out the remainder of what would have been Nixon's second term. The fact that Ford was not voted into office does not affect the numbering, which makes him the 38th president. In addition, under this numbering, [[Grover Cleveland]] is counted as having two separate presidencies, having served two non-consecutive terms.</ref>
! colspan="3" | [[President of the United States|President]]
! Took office
! Left office
! Party
! colspan="2" | [[Vice President of the United States|Vice President]]
! Term<br /><ref group="n" name="num"/>
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''[[Presidency of George Washington|1]]'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:Washington (3).jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 | &nbsp;
| rowspan=2 | [[George Washington]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/georgewashington/ |title=Biography of George Washington |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov|author=The [[White House]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/washington_george.shtml |title=The First President: 1789–1797 George Washington "Father of his Country" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/washington |title=George Washington – no Political Party – 1st President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/gwashington.asp |title=George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | April 30, 1789
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1797
| rowspan=2 | no party
| style="background: {{Federalist Party (United States)/meta/color}};" rowspan=2| &nbsp;
| rowspan=2 | [[John Adams]]
| 1
|-
| 2
|-
| '''[[Presidency of John Adams|2]]'''
| [[file:Adamstrumbull.jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Federalist Party (United States)/meta/color}};" | &nbsp;
| [[John Adams]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/johnadams/ |title=Biography of John Adams |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/adams_john.shtml |title=The Second President: 1797–1801 John Adams "Following in the Footsteps" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/adams |title=John Adams – Federalist Party – 2nd President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=2 |title=John Adams (October 30, 1735 – July 4, 1826) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| March 4, 1797
| March 4, 1801
| [[Federalist Party (United States)|Federalist]]
| style="background: {{Democratic-Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Thomas Jefferson]]
| 3
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''[[Presidency of Thomas Jefferson|3]]'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Democratic-Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Thomas Jefferson]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/thomasjefferson/ |title=Biography of Thomas Jefferson |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/jefferson_thomas.shtml |title=The Third President: 1801–1809 Thomas Jefferson "The Renaissance Leader" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/jefferson |title=Thomas Jefferson – Democratic-Republican Party – 3rd President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=3 |title=Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1801
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1809
| rowspan=2 | [[Democratic-Republican Party (United States)|Democratic-<br />Republican]]
| style="background: {{Democratic-Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Aaron Burr]]
| 4
|-
| style="background: {{Democratic-Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[George Clinton (vice president)|George Clinton]]
| 5
|-
| rowspan=4 | '''4'''
| rowspan=4 | [[file:James Madison.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=4 style="background: {{Democratic-Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=4 | [[James Madison]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesmadison/ |title=Biography of James Madison |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/madison_james.shtml |title=The Fourth President: 1809–1817 James Madison "The Nation Builder" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/madison |title=James Madison – Democratic-Republican Party – 4th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=4 |title=James Madison (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=4 | March 4, 1809
| rowspan=4 | March 4, 1817
| rowspan=4 | [[Democratic-Republican Party (United States)|Democratic-<br />Republican]]
| style="background: {{Democratic-Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[George Clinton (vice president)|George Clinton]]<ref group="n" name="died">Died in office of natural causes.</ref><br /><small>March 4, 1809 – April 20, 1812</small>
| rowspan=2 | 6
|-
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend">Prior to ratification of the [[Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution]] in 1967, there was no provision for filling a vacancy in the Vice Presidency. Richard Nixon was the first president to fill such a vacancy under the provisions of the Twenty-fifth Amendment when he appointed Gerald Ford. Ford later became the second president to fill a vice presidential vacancy when he appointed Nelson Rockefeller to succeed him.</ref><br /><small>April 20, 1812 – March 4, 1813</small>
|-
| style="background: {{Democratic-Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
|[[Elbridge Gerry]]<ref group="n" name="died" /><br /><small>March 4, 1813 – November 23, 1814</small>
| rowspan=2 | 7
|-
| colspan=2 |''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/><br /><small>November 23, 1814 – March 4, 1817</small>
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''5'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:jm5.gif|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Democratic-Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[James Monroe]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesmonroe/ |title=Biography of James Madison |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/monroe_james.shtml |title=The Fifth President: 1817–1825 James Monroe "The Era of Good Feelings" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/monroe |title=James Monroe – Democratic-Republican Party – 5th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=5 |title=James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1817
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1825
| rowspan=2 | [[Democratic-Republican Party (United States)|Democratic-<br />Republican]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Democratic-Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Daniel D. Tompkins]]
| 8
|-
| 9
|-
| '''6'''
| [[file:John Quincy Adams by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Democratic-Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[John Quincy Adams]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/johnquincyadams/|title=Biography of John Quincy Adams |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/adams_johnquincy.shtml |title=The Sixth President: 1825–1829 John Quincy Adams "Born to Lead" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/johnqadams |title=John Quincy Adams – Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, WHIG Party – 6th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=6 |title=John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| March 4, 1825
| March 4, 1829
| [[Democratic-Republican Party (United States)|Democratic-<br />Republican]]<br />[[National Republican Party (United States)|National<br />Republican]]
| style="background: {{Democratic-Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[John C. Calhoun]]
| 10
|-
| rowspan=3 | '''7'''
| rowspan=3 | [[file:Andrew jackson head.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=3 style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=3 | [[Andrew Jackson]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/andrewjackson/|title=Biography of Andrew Jackson |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/jackson_andrew.shtml |title=The Seventh President: 1829–1837 Andrew Jackson "Old Hickory" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/jackson |title=Andrew Jackson – Democratic-Republican Party – 7th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=7 |title=Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=3 | March 4, 1829
| rowspan=3 | March 4, 1837
| rowspan=3 | [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[John C. Calhoun]] <ref group="n" name="resigned">Resigned.</ref><br /><small>March 4, 1829 – December 28, 1832</small>
| rowspan=2 | 11
|-
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/><br /><small> December 28, 1832 – March 4, 1833</small>
|-
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Martin Van Buren]]
| 12
|-
| '''8'''
| [[file:mb8.gif|100px]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Martin Van Buren]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/martinvanburen/|title=Biography of Martin Van Buren |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/vanburen_martin.shtml |title=The Eighth President: 1837–1841 Martin Van Buren "The Red Fox" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/vanburen |title=Martin Van Buren – Democratic-Republican, Democratic, and Free Soil Party – 8th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=8 |title=Martin Van Buren (December 5, 1782 – July 24, 1862) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| March 4, 1837
| March 4, 1841
| [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Richard Mentor Johnson]]
| 13
|-
| '''9'''
| [[file:William Henry Harrison by James Reid Lambdin, 1835.jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Whig Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[William Henry Harrison]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamhenryharrison/|title=Biography of William Henry Harrison |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/harrison_william.shtml |title=The Ninth President: 1841–1841 William Henry Harrison "Old Tippecanoe" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/williamhenryharrison |title=William Henry Harrison – WHIG Party – 9th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=9 |title=William Henry Harrison (February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| March 4, 1841
| April 4, 1841<br /><ref group="n" name="died" />
| [[Whig Party (United States)|Whig]]
| style="background: {{Whig Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[John Tyler]]
| rowspan=3 | 14
|-
| rowspan=2 |'''10'''<br /><ref group="n">Being the first vice president to assume the presidency, Tyler set a precedent that a vice president who assumes the office of president becomes a fully functioning president who has his own presidency, as opposed to just a caretaker president. His political opponents attempted to refer to him as "Acting President", but he refused to allow that. The [[Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution]] put Tyler's precedent into the Constitution.</ref>
| rowspan=2 |[[file:WHOportTyler.jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Whig Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 |[[John Tyler]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/johntyler/|title=Biography of John Tyler |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/tyler_john.shtml |title=The Tenth President: 1841–1845 John Tyler "His Accidency" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/tyler |title=John Tyler – No Party – 10th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=10 |title=John Tyler (March 29, 1790 – January 18, 1862) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | April 4, 1841
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1845
| [[Whig Party (United States)|Whig]]<br /><small>April 4, 1841 – September&nbsp;13,&nbsp;1841</small>
| rowspan=2 colspan=2 |''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/>
|-
| &nbsp;
| [[John Tyler#Policies|no party]]<ref group="n" name="John Tyler party">Former Democrat who ran for Vice President on Whig ticket. Clashed with Whig congressional leaders and was expelled from the Whig party in 1841.</ref><br /><small>September&nbsp;13,&nbsp;1841 – March 4, 1845</small>
|-
| '''11'''
| [[file:James Knox Polk by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[James K. Polk]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamespolk/ |title=Biography of James Polk |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/polk_james.shtml |title=The Eleventh President: 1845–1849 James Knox Polk "The Dark Horse" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/polk |title=James Polk – Democratic Party – 11th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=11 |title=James K. Polk (November 2, 1795 – June 15, 1849) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| March 4, 1845
| March 4, 1849
| [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[George M. Dallas]]
| 15
|-
| '''12'''
| [[file:Zachary Taylor 2.jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Whig Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Zachary Taylor]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/zacharytaylor/ |title=Biography of Zachary Tyler |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/taylor_zachary.shtml |title=The Twelfth President: 1849–1850 Zachary Taylor "Old Rough-and-Ready" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/taylor |title=Zachary Taylor – WHIG Party – 12th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=12 |title=Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| March 4, 1849
| July 9, 1850<br /><ref group="n" name="died" />
| [[Whig Party (United States)|Whig]]
| style="background: {{Whig Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Millard Fillmore]]
| rowspan=2 | 16
|-
| '''13'''
| [[file:Millard_Fillmore.1.jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Whig Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Millard Fillmore]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/millardfillmore/|title=Biography of Millard Fillmore |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/fillmore_millard.shtml |title=The Thirteenth President: 1850–1853 Millard Fillmore "Forgotten Leader" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/fillmore |title=Millard Filmore – WHIG Party – 13th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=13 |title=Millard Fillmore (January 7, 1800 – March 8, 1874) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| July 9, 1850
| March 4, 1853
| [[Whig Party (United States)|Whig]]
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/>
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''14'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:Franklin Pierce by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Franklin Pierce]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/franklinpierce/ |title=Biography of Franklin Pierce |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/fillmore_millard.shtml |title=The Fourteenth President: 1853–1857 Franklin Pierce "Overwhelmed by Events" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/pierce |title=Franklin Pierce – Democratic Party – 14th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=14 |title=Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804 – October 8, 1869) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1853
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1857
| rowspan=2 | [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[William R. King]]<ref group="n" name="died" /><br /><small>March 4, 1853 – April 18, 1853</small>
| rowspan=2 | 17
|-
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/><br /><small>April 18, 1853 – March 4, 1857</small>
|-
| '''15'''
| [[file:Jb15.gif|100px]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[James Buchanan]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesbuchanan/ |title=Biography of James Buchanan |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/buchanan_james.shtml |title=The Fifteenth President: 1857–1861 James Buchanan "An American Hero" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/buchanan |title=James Buchanan – Democratic Party – 15th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=15 |title=James Buchanan (April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| March 4, 1857
| March 4, 1861
| [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[John C. Breckinridge]]
| 18
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''16'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:Abraham_Lincoln_by_George_Peter_Alexander_Healy.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Abraham Lincoln]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/abrahamlincoln/ |title=Biography of Abraham Lincoln |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/lincoln_abraham.shtml |title=The Sixteenth President: 1861–1865 Abraham Lincoln "The Great Emancipator" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/lincoln |title=Abraham Lincoln – Republic, National Union Party – 16th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=16 |title=Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1861
| rowspan=2 | April 15, 1865<br /><ref group="n" name="assassinated">Assassinated.</ref>
| rowspan=2 | [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]<br />[[National Union Party (United States)|National Union]]<br /><ref group="n" name="union">[[Abraham Lincoln]] and [[Andrew Johnson]] were, respectively, a Republican and a Democrat who ran on the National Union ticket in 1864.</ref>
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Hannibal Hamlin]]
| 19
|-
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Andrew Johnson]]
| rowspan=3 | 20
|-
| rowspan=2 |'''17'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:aj17.gif|100px]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Andrew Johnson]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/andrewjohnson/ |title=Biography of Andrew Johnson |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/johnson_andrew.shtml |title=The Seventeenth President: 1865–1869 Andrew Johnson "Between North and South" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/andrewjohnson |title=Andrew Johnson – National Union Party – 17th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=17 |title=Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | April 15, 1865
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1869
| [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]<br />[[National Union Party (United States)|National Union]]<br /><ref group="n" name="union" />
| rowspan=2 colspan=2 |''vacant''<br /><ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/>
|-
| &nbsp;
||[[National Union Party (United States)|National Union]]<br /><ref group="n" name="union" /><br />[[Andrew Johnson|no party]]<ref group="n" name="Andrew Johnson party">Andrew Johnson did not identify with the two main parties while president and tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union label. His failure to build a true National Union Party left Johnson without a party.</ref>
|-
| rowspan=3 | '''18'''
| rowspan=3 | [[file:Ulysses S. Grant.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=3 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=3 | [[Ulysses S. Grant]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/ulyssessgrant/ |title=Biography of Ulysses S. Grant |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/grant_ulysses.shtml |title=The Eighteenth President: 1869–1877 Ulysses Simpson Grant "The Hero as Politician" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/grant |title=Ulysses S. Grant – National Union Party – 18th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=18 |title=Ulysses S. Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=3 | March 4, 1869
| rowspan=3 | March 4, 1877
| rowspan=3 | [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Schuyler Colfax]]
| 21
|-
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Henry Wilson]]<ref group="n" name="died" /><br /><small>March 4, 1873 – November 22, 1875</small>
| rowspan=2 | 22
|-
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/><br /><small>November 22, 1875 – March 4, 1877</small>
|-
| '''19'''
| [[file:Rhayes.png|100px]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Rutherford B. Hayes]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/rutherfordbhayes/ |title=Biography of Rutherford B. Hayes |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/hayes_rutherford.shtml |title=The Nineteenth President: 1877–1881 Rutherford Birchard Hayes "Striving For A Fresh Start" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/hayes |title=Rutherford B. Hayes – Republican Party – 19th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=19 |title=Rutherford B. Hayes (October 4, 1822 – January 17, 1893) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| March 4, 1877
| March 4, 1881
| [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[William A. Wheeler]]
| 23
|-
| '''20'''
| [[file:James Garfield portrait.jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[James A. Garfield]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesgarfield/ |title=Biography of James Garfield |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/garfield_james.shtml |title=The Twentieth President: 1881–1881 James Abram Garfield "The Preacher" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/garfield |title=James Garfield – Republican Party – 20th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=20 |title=James A. Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| March 4, 1881
| September 19, 1881<br /><ref group="n" name="assassinated" />
| [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Chester A. Arthur]]
| rowspan=2 | 24
|-
| '''21'''
| [[file:Chester A Arthur by Daniel Huntington.jpeg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Chester A. Arthur]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/chesterarthur/ |title=Biography of Chester Arthur |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/garfield_james.shtml |title=The Twenty-First President: 1881–1885 Chester Alan Arthur "The Self-Reformer" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/arthur |title=Chester A. Arthur – Republican Party – 21st President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=21 |title=Chester A. Arthur (October 5, 1829 – November 18, 1886) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| September 19, 1881
| March 4, 1885
| [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/>
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''22'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:Grover Cleveland portrait2.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Grover Cleveland]]<br /><ref name="WH-grover">{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/grovercleveland/ |title=Biography of Grover Cleveland |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov |archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20090122233630/http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/grovercleveland/|archivedate=February 22, 2009}}</ref><ref name="AH-grover">{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/cleveland_grover.shtml |title=The Twenty-Second President: 1885–1889 The Twenty-Fourth President: 1893–1897 Grover Cleveland "The Law Man" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref name="HIS-grover">{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/cleveland |title=Grover Cleveland – Democratic Party – 22nd and 24th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref name="AP=grover">{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=22 |title=Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1885
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1889
| rowspan=2 | [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Thomas A. Hendricks]]<ref group="n" name="died" /><br /><small>March 4, 1885 – November 25, 1885</small>
| rowspan=2 | 25
|-
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/><br /><small>November 25, 1885 – March 4, 1889</small>
|-
| '''23'''
| [[file:Benjamin Harrison by Eastman Johnson (1895).jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Benjamin Harrison]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/benjaminharrison/ |title=Biography of Benjamin Harrison |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/cleveland_grover.shtml |title=The Twenty-Third President: 1889–1893 Benjamin Harrison "Presidential Grandson" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/benjaminharrison |title=William Henry Harrison – Whig Party – 23rd President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=23 |title=Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| March 4, 1889
| March 4, 1893
| [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Levi P. Morton]]
| 26
|-
| '''24'''
| [[file:Grover Cleveland, painting by Anders Zorn.jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Grover Cleveland]]<br /><small>''(second term)''</small><br /><ref name="WH-grover" /><ref name="AH-grover" /><ref name="HIS-grover" /><ref name="AP=grover" />
| March 4, 1893
| March 4, 1897
| [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Adlai E. Stevenson I]]
| 27
|-
| rowspan=3 | '''25'''
| rowspan=3 | [[file:Official White House portrait of William McKinley.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=3 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=3 | [[William McKinley]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williammckinley/|title=Biography of William McKinley |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/mckinley_william.shtml |title=The Twenty-Fifth President: 1897–1901 William McKinley "Bridge to a New Century" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/mckinley |title=William McKinley – Republican Party – 25th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=24 |title=William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=3 | March 4, 1897
| rowspan=3 | September 14, 1901<br /><ref group="n" name="assassinated" />
| rowspan=3 | [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Garret Hobart]]<ref group="n" name="died" /><br /><small>March 4, 1897 – November 21, 1899</small>
| rowspan=2 | 28
|-
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/><br /><small>November 21, 1899 – March 4, 1901</small>
|-
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Theodore Roosevelt]]
| rowspan=2 | 29
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''[[Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt|26]]'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:TRSargent.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Theodore Roosevelt]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/theodoreroosevelt/ |title=Biography of Theodore Roosevelt |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/roosevelt_theodore.shtml |title=The Twenty-Sixth President: 1901–1909 Theodore Roosevelt "The Giant in the Bully Pulpit" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/teddyroosevelt |title=Theodore Roosevelt – Republican, Bull Moose Party – 26th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=25 |title=Theodore Roosevelt (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | September 14, 1901
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1909
| rowspan=2 | [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/>
|-
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Charles W. Fairbanks]]
| 30
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''27'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:TaftOfficial Portrait.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[William Howard Taft]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamhowardtaft/ |title=Biography of William Howard Taft |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 13, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/taft_william.shtml |title=The Twenty-Seventh President: 1909–1913 William Howard Taft "Reluctant Leader" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/taft |title=William Howard Taft – Republican Party – 27th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=26 |title=William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1909
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1913
| rowspan=2 | [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[James S. Sherman]]<ref group="n" name="died" /><br /><small>March 4, 1909 – October 30, 1912</small>
| rowspan=2 | 31
|-
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/><br /><small>October 30, 1912 – March 4, 1913</small>
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''28'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:Ww28.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Woodrow Wilson]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/woodrowwilson/ |title=Biography of Woodrow Wilson |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 13, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/wilson_woodrow.shtml |title=The Twenty-Eighth President: 1913–1921 Woodrow Wilson "Prophet Without Honor" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/wilson |title=Woodrow Wilson – Democratic Party – 28th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=27 |title=Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1913
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1921
| rowspan=2 | [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Thomas R. Marshall]]
| 32
|-
| 33
|-
| '''29'''
| [[file:wh29.gif|100px]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Warren G. Harding]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/warrenharding/ |title=Biography of Warren G. Harding |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/harding_warren.shtml |title=The Twenty-Ninth President: 1921–1923 Warren Gamaliel Harding "Prophet Without Honor" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/wilson |title=Warren Harding – Republican Party – 29th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=28 |title=Warren G. Harding (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| March 4, 1921
| August 2, 1923<br /><ref group="n" name="died" />
| [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Calvin Coolidge]]
| rowspan=2 | 34
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''30'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:Calvin Coolidge.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Calvin Coolidge]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/calvincoolidge/ |title=Biography of Calvin Coolidge |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 13, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/coolidge_calvin.shtml |title=The Thirtieth President: 1923–1929 Calvin Coolidge "The New Englander" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/wilson |title=Calvin Coolidge – Republican Party – 30th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=29 |title=Calvin Coolidge (July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | August 2, 1923
| rowspan=2 | March 4, 1929
| rowspan=2 | [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/>
|-
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Charles G. Dawes]]
| 35
|-
| '''31'''
| [[file:Herbert Clark Hoover by Greene, 1956.jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Herbert Hoover]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/herberthoover/ |title=Biography of Herbert Hoover |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 13, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/hoover_herbert.shtml |title=The Thirty-First President: 1929–1933 Herbert Clark Hoover "The Great Engineer" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/wilson |title=Herbert Hoover – Republican Party – 31st President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=30 |title=Herbert Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| March 4, 1929
| March 4, 1933
| [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Charles Curtis]]
| 36
|- class="vevent"
| rowspan=4 | '''32'''
| rowspan=4 | [[file:Franklin Roosevelt - Presidential portrait.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=4 style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=4 | <span class="summary vcard attendee"><span class="fn">[[Franklin D. Roosevelt]]</span></span><br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/franklindroosevelt/ |title=Biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 20, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/roosevelt_franklin.shtml |title=The Thirty-Second President: 1933–1945 Franklin Delano Roosevelt "New Dealer and Global Warrior" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/fdr |title=Franklin D. Roosevelt – Democratic Party – 32nd President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=31 |title=Franklin D. Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=4 | {{Start date|1933|03|04}}
| rowspan=4 | {{End date|1945|04|12}}<br /><ref group="n" name="died" />
| rowspan=4 class="category" | [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[John Nance Garner]]
| 37<br /><ref group="n">This term was shortened by 43 days due to the [[Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution]] going into effect, moving [[United States presidential inauguration|inauguration day]] from March 4 to January 20.</ref>
|-
| 38
|-
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Henry A. Wallace]]
| 39
|-
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Harry S. Truman]]
| rowspan=2 | 40
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''33'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:HarryTruman.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Harry S. Truman]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/harrystruman/ |title=Biography of Harry S Truman |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/truman_harry.shtml |title=The Thirty-Third President: 1945–1953 Harry S. Truman "The Buck Stopped Here" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/fdr |title=Harry S. Truman – Democratic Party – 33rd President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=32 |title=Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | April 12, 1945
| rowspan=2 | January 20, 1953
| rowspan=2 | [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/>
|-
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Alben W. Barkley]]
| 41
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''[[Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower|34]]'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:Dwight D. Eisenhower, official Presidential portrait.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Dwight D. Eisenhower]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/dwightdeisenhower/ |title=Biography of Dwight D. Eisenhower |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/eisenhower_dwight.shtml |title=The Thirty-Fourth President: 1953–1961 Dwight David Eisenhower "I Like Ike" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/eisenhower |title=Dwight D. Eisenhower – Democratic Party – 34th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=33 |title=Dwight D. Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | January 20, 1953
| rowspan=2 | January 20, 1961<br /><ref group="n">Dwight Eisenhower is the first president to have been legally prohibited by the [[Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution]] from seeking a third term.</ref>
| rowspan=2 | [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Richard Nixon]]
| 42
|-
| 43
|-
| '''35'''
| [[file:John F Kennedy Official Portrait.jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[John F. Kennedy]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/johnfkennedy/ |title=Biography of John F. Kennedy |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/kennedy_john.shtml |title=The Thirty-Five President: 1961–1963 John Fitzgerald Kennedy "Inspiring A Generation" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/kennedy |title=John F. Kennedy – Democratic Party – 35th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=34 |title=John F. Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| January 20, 1961
| November 22, 1963<br /><ref group="n" name="assassinated" />
| [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Lyndon B. Johnson]]
| rowspan=2 | 44
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''36'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:Lyndon B. Johnson - portrait.png|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Lyndon B. Johnson]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/lyndonjohnson/ |title=Biography of Lyndon B. Johnson |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20090122233819/http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/lyndonjohnson/|archivedate=January 22, 2009}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/johnson_lyndon.shtml |title=The Thirty-Sixth President: 1963–1969 Lyndon Baines Johnson "So Close To Greatness" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/kennedy |title=Lyndon B. Johnson – Democratic Party – 36th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=35 |title=Lyndon B. Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | November 22, 1963
| rowspan=2 | January 20, 1969
| rowspan=2 | [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/>
|-
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Hubert Humphrey]]
| 45
|-
| rowspan=4 | '''37'''
| rowspan=4 | [[file:rn37.gif|100px]]
| rowspan=4 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=4 | [[Richard Nixon]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/richardnixon/ |title=Richard M. Nixon |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/nixon_richard.shtml |title=The Thirty-Seventh President: 1969–1974 Richard Milhous Nixon "The Road to Watergate" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/nixon |title=Richard Nixon – Republican Party – 37th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=36 |title=Richard M. Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=4 | January 20, 1969
| rowspan=4 | August 9, 1974<br /><ref group="n" name="resigned" />
| rowspan=4 | [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Spiro Agnew]]<ref group="n" name="resigned" /><br /><small>January 20, 1969 – October 10, 1973</small>
| 46
|-
| rowspan=5 | 47
|-
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/><br /><small>October 10, 1973 – December 6, 1973</small>
|-
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Gerald Ford]]<br /><small>December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974</small>
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''38'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:Gerald R. Ford - portrait.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Gerald Ford]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/geraldford/ |title=Biography of Gerald R. Ford |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/ford_gerald.shtml |title=The Thirty-Eighth President: 1974–1977 Gerald Rudolph Ford "A Time for Healing" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/ford|title=Gerald Ford – Republican Party – 38th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=37 |title=Gerald R. Ford (July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | August 9, 1974
| rowspan=2 | January 20, 1977
| rowspan=2 | [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| colspan=2 | ''vacant''<ref group="n" name="25th Amend"/><br /><small>August 9, 1974 – December 19, 1974 </small>
|-
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Nelson Rockefeller]]<br /><small>December 19, 1974 – January 20, 1977</small>
|-
| '''[[Presidency of Jimmy Carter|39]]'''
| [[file:James E. Carter - portrait.gif|99px]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Jimmy Carter]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jimmycarter|title=Biography of Jimmy Carter |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/carter_jimmy.shtml |title=The Thirty-Ninth President: 1977–1981 James Earl Carter "Not a Politician" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/ford|title=Jimmy Carter – Democratic Party – 39th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=38 |title=Jimmy Carter (October 1, 1924 – ) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| January 20, 1977
| January 20, 1981
| [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Walter Mondale]]
| 48
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''[[Presidency of Ronald Reagan|40]]'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:REAGANWH.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Ronald Reagan]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/ronaldreagan/|title=Biography of Ronald Reagan |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=June 25, 2008 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/reagan_ronald.shtml |title=The Fortieth President: 1981–1989 Ronald Wilson Reagan "The Great Communicator" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/ford|title=Ronald Reagan – Republican Party – 40th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=39 |title=Ronald Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | January 20, 1981
| rowspan=2 | January 20, 1989
| rowspan=2 | [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[George H. W. Bush]]
| [[Ronald Reagan#First term, 1981–1985|49]]
|-
| [[Ronald Reagan#Second term, 1985–1989|50]]
|-
| '''41'''
| [[file:George H. W. Bush - portrait by Herbert Abrams (1994).jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[George H. W. Bush]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/georgehwbush/ |title=Biography of George Herbert Walker Bush |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/bush_george_sr.shtml |title=The Forty-First President: 1989–1993 George Herbert Walker Bush "The Last Cold Warrior" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/georgebush |title=George H. W. Bush – Republican Party – 41st President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=40 |title=George Bush (June 12, 1924 – ) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| January 20, 1989
| January 20, 1993
| [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Dan Quayle]]
| [[Presidency of George H. W. Bush|51]]
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''[[Presidency of Bill Clinton|42]]'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:Clinton.jpg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Bill Clinton]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamjclinton/ |title=Biography of William J. Clinton |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=March 12, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/clinton_bill.shtml |title=The Forty-Second President: 1993–2001 William Jefferson Clinton "Prosperity And Turmoil" |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/billclinton |title=Bill Clinton – Democratic Party – 42nd President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=41 |title=Bill Clinton (August 19, 1946 – ) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | January 20, 1993
| rowspan=2 | January 20, 2001
| rowspan=2 | [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Al Gore]]
| [[Bill Clinton#First term, 1993–1997|52]]
|-
| [[Bill Clinton#Second term, 1997–2001|53]]
|-
| rowspan=2 | '''[[Presidency of George W. Bush|43]]'''
| rowspan=2 | [[file:George-W-Bush.jpeg|100px]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[George W. Bush]]<br /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/georgewbush/ |title=Biography of President George W. Bush |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |date=February 25, 2007 |publisher=Whitehouse.gov}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/bush_george_jr.shtml |title=The Forty-Third President: 2001–2009 George Walker Bush |accessdate=October 2, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/georgewbush |title=George W. Bush – Republican Party – 43rd President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=42 |title=George W. Bush (July 6, 1946 – ) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| rowspan=2 | January 20, 2001
| rowspan=2 | January 20, 2009
| rowspan=2 | [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| rowspan=2 style="background: {{Republican Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| rowspan=2 | [[Dick Cheney]]
| [[George W. Bush's first term as President of the United States|54]]
|-
| [[George W. Bush's second term as President of the United States|55]]
|-
| '''[[Presidency of Barack Obama|44]]'''
| [[file:Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpg|100px]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Barack Obama]]<br /><ref name="whouseobama">{{cite web|url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/president_obama/|title=President Barack Obama|accessdate=January 20, 2009|publisher=Whitehouse.gov|date=January 20, 2009}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/obama_barack.shtml |title=The Forty-Fourth President: 2009–present Barack Hussein Obama II |accessdate=October 2, 2009 |work=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]] |publisher=[[Forbes]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.history.com/presidents/obama |title=Barack Obama – Democratic Party – 44th President – American Presidents |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |publisher=[[History (TV channel)|History]] }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=43 |title=Barack Obama (August 4, 1961 – ) |accessdate=January 12, 2009 |work=American Presidents: Life Portrait |publisher=[[C-SPAN]] }}</ref>
| January 20, 2009
| Incumbent
| [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| style="background: {{Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color}};" |
| [[Joe Biden]]
| [[Presidency of Barack Obama|56]]
|}
 
== Chapa ke gallery ==
<div align=center>
<gallery>
File:Barns grand tetons.jpg|Rocky Pahaarr
File:Haliaeetus leucocephalus2.jpg|Bald eagle
File:MayflowerHarbor.jpg|Mayflower
File:Declaration independence.jpg|Declaration of independence
File:Battle of Gettysburg, by Currier and Ives.png|Civil war
File:World-Trade-Center 9-11.jpg|World Trade Center
File:Capitol Building Full View.jpg|UNited States Congress
File:WhiteHouseSouthFacade.JPG|White House
File:USSupremeCourtWestFacade.JPG|Supreme Court
File:USS Abraham Lincoln(CVN 72).jpg|Aircraft Carrier
File:NYC NYSE.jpg|New York Stock Exchange
File:Pisgah.jpg|Southern Baptist Church
</gallery>
</div>
common practice include throwing babies
 
=== Bahaari jorr ===
* [http://web.archive.org/20080316164726/www.geocities.com/johnfkosanke/USConstitutionBasic.html US Constitution in basic English]
* [http://www.firstgov.gov Official website of the United States government] - Gateway to governmental sites
* [http://www.whitehouse.gov The White House] - Official site of the Presidential residence
* [http://www.senate.gov Senate.gov] - Official site of the United States Senate
* [http://www.house.gov House.gov] - Official site of the United States House of Representatives
* [http://www.supremecourtus.gov SCOTUS] - Official site of the Supreme Court of the United States
* [http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/facts/factover/homepage.htm Portrait of the USA] - Published by the United States Information Agency, September 1997.
* [http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/ US Census Housing and Economic Statistics] Updated regularly by US Bureau of the Census.
* [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html CIA world factbook]
* [http://usa-culture.com/ The USA Country]
* [http://www.religioustolerance.org/nat_mott.htm National Motto: History and Constitutionality]
* [http://www.nationalcenter.org/HistoricalDocuments.html Historical Documents]
* [http://www.travel-directory.org/Destinations/North_America/United_States/index.html Reference: US specific web resources sorted by state]
* [http://schulen.eduhi.at/hsst.agatha United States Website]]
 
== References ==
<references />
<!-- interwiki -->
 
[[vibhag:United States| ]]
[[vibhag:NATO ke member]]
[[vibhag:OAS ke member]]
[[vibhag:English bhasa waala des]]
 
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