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[[File:2004-09-07 1800x2400 chicago picasso.jpg|thumb|left|200px|Picasso sculpture in [[Chicago, Illinois]], USA]]
'''Pablo Ruiz Picasso''' (janam: [[25 October]] [[1881]], Málaga, Spain me – [[8 April]] , [[1973]]) ek [[Spain]] ke painter aur sculptor rahaa. Iske [[20th century]] sab se achchhaa painter maana jaawe hae. Uske puura naam '''Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Clito Ruiz y Picasso''' rahaa aur uske cubism khatir jaana jaawe hae. Ii anumaan lagawa jaawe hae ki Picasso 13,500 paintings, 100,000 prints aur engravings, 34,000 book illustrations aur 300 sculptures aur ceramics ke banais rahaa.
 
== Bachpan ke din ==
Picasso ke''Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Crispiniano de la Santísima Trinidad'' baptise karaa gais rahaa, jon ki kuchha saints aur palwaar ke naam hae.<ref>Baptismal certificate me uske naam, uske birth record se different hae. [http://picasso.shsu.edu/ On-line Picasso Project]</ref> Isme Ruiz aur Picasso bhi jorraa gais rahaa, uske maiya aur pitaji ke khatir, jais ki Span ke kanuun maange hae. Uske janam [[Málaga]] city, jon ki Spain ke [[Andalusia]]n region me hae, bhais rahaa. Uu [[José Ruiz y Blasco|Don José Ruiz y Blasco]] (1838–1913) aur María Picasso y López ke pahila larrka rahaa.<ref name="collier">{{cite encyclopedia |last=Hamilton |first=George H. |editor=William D. Halsey |encyclopedia=Collier's Encyclopedia |title=Picasso, Pablo Ruiz Y |year=1976 |publisher=Macmillan Educational Corporation |volume=19 |location=New York |pages=25–26 }}</ref> Picasso ke palwaar middle-class ke rahaa; uske pitaji ek painter rahaa, jon ki "naturalistic depictions of birds and other game" me specialise karat rahaa. Aapan jindagi ke jaada din, Ruiz, School of Crafts ke professor aur ek local museum ke [[curator]] rahaa. Ruiz ke purwaj aristocrats rahin.
[[Image:Pablo-Picasso-Birthplace.jpg|thumb|The house where Picasso was born, in [[Málaga]]]]
Chhote umar pe Picasso drawing me passion aur skill dekhais aur uske maiya ke anusaar,<!--<ref>{{cite book | last = Gereon Becht-Jördens | first = Peter M. Wehmeier | authorlink = Gereon Becht-Jördens, Peter M. Wehmeier | title = Picasso und die christliche Ikonographie: Mutterbeziehung und künstlerische Position | publisher = Dietrich Reimer Verlag | year = 2003 | location = Berlin | isbn = 3-496-01272-2}}</ref>--> uske ke pahila sabd “piz, piz”, jon ki ''lápiz'' ke ek chhota form hae, Spanish bhasa me ‘pencil’ rahaa.<ref>Wertenbaker, 9.</ref><!--<ref>{{cite news | last = Hughes | first = Robert | title = Anatomy of a Minotaur | pages =
| publisher = Time Magazine | date = 1 November 1971 | url = http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,905485,00.html | accessdate = 23 August 2007}}</ref>--> Saat saal ke umar se, Picasso ke uske pitaji se formal artistic training mila, figure drawing aur oil painting me. Ruiz ek traditional, academic artist aur instructor rahaa jon ki ii biswas karat rahaa ki "proper training required disciplined copying of the masters, and drawing the human body from plaster casts and live models". Uske larrka art me jaada dhyan diis aur school ke kaam me kamti.
 
1891 me uske palwaar [[A Coruña]] me rahe lagin, jahan pe uske pitaji School of Fine Arts me professor banaa. Hian pe uu logan chaar saal talak rahin. Ek dafe uske pitaji uske unfinished sketch of a pigeon ke uppar se paint karte pakkris. Ii dekh ke uu ii decide karis ki uske larka usse jaada achhaa painting kare hae aur aapan painting chhorre ke decide karis.<ref>Wertenbaker, 11.</ref>
 
1895 me Picasso ke saat saal ke bahini, Conchita, [[diphtheria]] se mar gais — jisse uske jindagi ke bahut bhaari dhakka lagaa.<ref name="theatlantic.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/flashbks/picasso/destroy.htm |title=Picasso: Creator and Destroyer - 88.06 |publisher=Theatlantic.com |date= |accessdate=21 December 2009}}</ref> Larrki ke maut ke baad, palwaar [[Barcelona]] chal diin, jahan pe Ruiz, School of Fine Arts me parhae lagaa. Picasso ii city me achchhaa karis, aur iske aapan aslii ghar manis.<ref name="w13">Wertenbaker, 13.</ref> Ruiz, academy ke official ske persuade kar ke aapan larka ke advanced class ke khati entrance exam baithe ke allow karis. Ii kaam jaada kar ke ek mahina lagat rahaa, lekin Picasso el hafta me khalaas kar ke jury ke impress kar dis. Uske pitaji uske khatir ek room rent karis ki larkaa akele kaam kae sake. Uu uske kaam ke ek din me dher dafe check karat rahaa aur duuno ek dusre se bahut argue karat rahin.
 
Picasso ke pitaji aur uncle ii nirnay karin ki uske Madrid ke [[Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando|Royal Academy of San Fernando]], des ke sanb se achchhaa art school, bheja jaae.<ref name="w13"/> 1897 me, Picasso, 16 saal ke umar me, set off for the first time on his own, kahe ki uu formal education nai like karat rahaa.
 
== References ==
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