The tectonic plates of the world were mapped in the second half of the 20th century.
Tectonic plates (surfaces are preserved)

epicenters, 1963–1998

Global plate tectonic movement

Plate tectonics [1] geology ke baare me ek theory hae jisme dunia ke uppar waala layer ke baare me samjhawa jaawe hae.


  1. Greek τέκτων, tektōn "builder" nai to "mason"
  • McKnight, Tom 2004. Geographica: The complete illustrated Atlas of the world, Barnes and Noble Books; New York ISBN 0-7607-5974-X
  • Stanley, Steven M. 1999. Earth system history. Freeman. p211–228 ISBN 0-7167-2882-6
  • Thompson, Graham R. and Turk, Jonathan 1991. Modern physical geology, Saunders. ISBN 0-03-025398-5
  • Turcotte D.L. and Schubert G. 2002. Geodynamics 2nd ed, Wiley, New York. ISBN 0-521-66624-4

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