Afghanistan (افغانستان) asia ke ek des hae. Iske west me Iran south west me Pakistan north me Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan aur north east me China hae. Afghanistan ke capital city, Kabul hae.

Afghanistan
افغانستان
Flag Coat of arms
Jhanda Coat of arms
Des ke jaankari
Des ke motto: Allah is powerful. There is no God other than Allah and Mohammad is his prophet.
National anthem: "Soroud-e-Melli"
Log ke baare me
Official bhasa: Farsi (Dari), Pashton
Abaadi:
  - Total: 41,000,000 (ranked 37)
  - Density: 50 per km²
Jagha
country map
country map
Hian pe des ke dunia ke map me dekhawa jaawe hae.
Capital City: Kabul
Sab se barraa City: Kabul aur Herat
Area
  - Total: 647,500 (ranked 40)
  - Water: 0 km² (0%)
Politics / Government
Established: 1747 me Persia se independence
Leader: President Ashraf Ghani
Economy / Money
Paisa ke naam: Afghani (Af) (AFA)
International information
Time ke zone: +04:30
Telephone ke dialing code: 93
Internet domain: .AF

Ii des ke main dharam Islam hae. Iske khaas bhasa Farsi (Dari) aur Pashto hae.

Bahut din talak Afghanistan me Taliban raj karat rahaa.


Chaapa ke gallery badlo

Afghanistan ke Shaasak badlo

Hotak Empire (1709–1738)
Naam Jiwankaal Shaasan ke suruuwat Shaasan ke ant Notes Palwwar Chhaapa
Mirwais Hotak 1673–1715 1709 1715 Hotak dynasty ke Kandahar me suruu karis Hotak  
Abdul Aziz Hotak Maut 1717 1715 1717 Miwais Hotak ke bhaiya Hotak  
Mahmud Hotak 1697 – 22 April 1725 1717 22 April 1725 Mirwais Hotak ke larrka Hotak  
Ashraf Hotak Maut 1730 22 April 1725 1730 Mirwais Hotak ke bhatija Hotak  
Hussain Hotak Died 1738 1730 24 March 1738 (palat dewa gais) Mirwais Hotak ke larrka (Nader Shah iske shaasan se hatais) Hotak  
Durrani Empire (1747-1823
Naam Jiwankaal Shaasan ke suruuwat Shaasan ke ant Notes Palwwar Chhaapa
Ahmad Shah Durrani 1720 - 4 June 1772 June 1747 4 June 1772 Durrani Empire ke suruu karis rahaa Durrani  
Timur Shah Durrani December 1747 - 20 May 1793 November 1772 20 May 1793 Ahmad Shah Durrani ke larrka Durrani  
Zaman Shah Durrani 1770 - 1844 20 May 1793 25 July 1801 Timur Shah Durrani ke larrka Durrani  
Mahmud Shah Durrani (pahila raj) 1769 - 18 April 1829 25 July 1801 13 July 1803 Timur Shah Durrani ke larrka Durrani  
Shah Shujah Durrani (pahila raj) 4 November 1785 - 5 April 1842 13 July 1803 3 May 1809 Timur Shah Durrani ke larrkae Durrani  
Mahmud Shah Durrani (duusra raj) 1769 - 18 April 1829 3 May 1809 1818 Timur Shah Durrani ke larrka Durrani  
Ali Shah Durrani Maut 1819 1818 1819 Timur Shah Durrani ke larrka Durrani  
Ayub Shah Durrani Maut 1 October 1837 1819 1823 Timur Shah Durrani ke larrka Durrani  

Administrative divisions badlo

Afghanistan ke (34) provinces (welayats) me baata gais hae, aur sab province me ek capital hae. Ii province ke fir Ministry of Interior sab province ke Governor ke chune hae aur ii Governor logan sab district ke Prefects ke chune hae. Afghanistan ke central government ke Governor represent kare hae aur province ek administration ke jimewaar hae. Ministry of Interior, provincial Chief of Police ke bhi chune hae aur ii Governor ke saathe kanuun ke enforce kare hae.

 
Map jon ki Afghanistan ke 34 Province ke dekhae hae.
  1. Badakhshan
  2. Badghis
  3. Baghlan
  4. Balkh
  5. Bamyan
  6. Daykundi
  7. Farah
  8. Faryab
  9. Ghazni
  10. Ghor
  11. Helmand
  12. Herat
  13. Jowzjan
  14. Kabul
  15. Kandahar
  16. Kapisa
  17. Khost
  1. Konar
  2. Kunduz
  3. Laghman
  4. Lowgar
  5. Nangarhar
  6. Nimruz
  7. Nurestan
  8. Oruzgan
  9. Paktia
  10. Paktika
  11. Panjshir
  12. Parvan
  13. Samangan
  14. Sare Pol
  15. Takhar
  16. Wardak
  17. Zabol

Sab se barraa city badlo

Afghanistan me khaali ek city, Kabul, hae jiske population ek million se jaada hae. Aur barraa city, population ke order me hae: Kandahar, Herat, Mazar-e Sharif, Jalalabad, Ghazni aur Kunduz.

Demographics badlo

 
Herat

Population badlo

31,056,997 (July 2006 est.)
 
Afghanistan ke populations hajaar me

Umar ke structure badlo

0-14 saal: 44.6% (larrkaa 7,095,117/larrkii 6,763,759)
15-64 saal: 53% (admii 8,436,716/aurat 8,008,463)
65 saal aur jaada: 2.4% (admii 366,642/aurat 386,300) (2006 est.)

Median age badlo

Puura: 17.6 saal
Admii: 17.6 saal
Aurat: 17.6 saal (2006 est.)

Population ke barrhe ke rate badlo

2.67% (2006 est.)

Janam ke rate badlo

46.6 janam/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Maut ke rate badlo

20.34 maut/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate badlo

0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Baby ke mare ke rate badlo

Puura: 160.23 maut/1,000 jinda janam
Admii: 164.77 maut/1,000 jinda janam
Aurat: 155.45 maut/1,000 jinda janam (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth badlo

Total population: 46 years (2004 est.)[2]
Male: 46 years
Female: 46 years

Gender ratio badlo

 
Kabul me aurat.
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate badlo

6.69 children born/woman (2006 est.)

HIV/AIDS badlo

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.01% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 61 (as of 2006)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 4

Khaas faile waala bemaari badlo

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria is a high risk countrywide below 2,000 meters from March through November
animal contact disease: rabies (2005)

Jaati badlo

 
Ethnic groups of Afghanistan (percentages are from Encyclopædia Iranica[3] and CIA World Factbook[4])

Afghanistan me dher jaat ke log rahe hae. Ii des me bahut din se census nai karaa gais hae aur ii kaaran se sab jaati ke log ke number ke anumaan achchha se nai lagawa jaae sake hae.[5] Therefore most figures are approximations only.

CIA World Factbook ke anusaar[4] ii des ke jaati ke population hae:

  • Pashtun: 42%
  • Tajik: 27%
  • Hazara: 9%
  • Uzbek: 9%
  • Aimak: 4%
  • Turkmen: 3%
  • Baloch: 2%
  • Duusra: 4%

1960s se lae ke 1980s ke census aur Ancyclopea ke souce se [3] ii number dewa jaae hae:

  • 36.4% Pashtun
  • 33.7% Tajik
  • 8.0% Hazara
  • 8.0% Uzbek
  • 4.1% Aimak
  • 3.3% Turkmen
  • 1.6% Baloch
  • 1.9% other

Bhasa badlo

Persian (Dari) aur Pashto bhasa me jaada kar ke Afghanistan ke log baat kare hae. Ii duuno bhasa Indo-European bhasa ke Iranian bhasa ke palwaar ke hae. Farsi (Dari dialects) 50% aur Pashto 35%. Pashto aur Farsi ii des ke official bhasa hae. Hazaragi, jisme Hazara log baat kare hae, bhi Farsi ke ek dialect hae. Aur bhasa me hae Turkic bhasa jaise ki Uzbek aur Turkmen 9%, aur 30 aur chhota bhasa 4% jaise ki Balochi, Nuristani, Pashae, Brahui, Pamiri, Hindko. Ii des ke jaada log ek se jaada bhasa me baat kare sake hae.

References badlo

  1. "Archive copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-12. Retrieved 2009-04-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. Life in Afghanistan
  3. 3.0 3.1 http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v1f5/v1f5a040a.html Archived 2006-10-19 at the Wayback Machine United States}}
  4. 4.0 4.1 CIA World Factbook
  5. BBC News - Afghan poll's ethnic battleground - October 6, 2004